Neutron stars: a multi-messenger laboratory for dense matter physics

Dott.ssa Fiorella Burgio (INFN-Sez. Catania)
Aula Magna

Understanding the interior composition of neutron stars (NS) is an important goal of astrophysics and fundamental physics. The detection by the LIGO/Virgo observatories of gravitational waves (GW) from a coalescing NS binary system, offers a novel opportunity to directly probe the properties of matter at extreme conditions. The theoretical modelling of the equation of state will be discussed on the basis of many-body theory, laboratory experiments and GW observations.