Academic Year 2018/2019 - 3° Year
Teaching Staff Credit Value: 9
Scientific field
  • FIS/04 - Nuclear and subnuclear physics
  • FIS/01 - Experimental physics
Taught classes: 56 hours
Exercise: 15 hours
Term / Semester: 1° and 2°

Learning Objectives

  • Introduction to Nuclear Physics

    Knowledge of the basic concepts on Nuclear Physics: Nuclear models, The radioactive decay law, Alpha, beta and gamma decay.

  • subnuclear physics

    knowledge of subnuclear physics phenomenology, experiments and fundamental discoveries.

Course Structure

  • Introduction to Nuclear Physics

    The Course is structured in about 13 weeks, 4 hours of frontal lectures each week.

  • subnuclear physics

    six weeks of lessons. four hour per week.

Detailed Course Content

  • Introduction to Nuclear Physics

    Atoms and nuclei: Size and shape. Nuclear binding energy. Weisszacher formula. Nuclear instability. Spontaneous fission

    Decays: The radioactive decay law. Half-life. Multimodal decays. The production of radioactive material. Sequential decays. Transition rate. 14C dating method.

    Alpha decay: Coulomb barrier penetration. Gamow factor. Angular momentum barrier. Decay schemes involving alpha-particle emission.

    Nuclear Model: The nuclear binding energy. The liquid drop model. Shell modell. Nuclear energy levels. Wood-Saxon potential. Spin-orbit interaction. Magic numbers. Splitting of energy levels. Bound and virtual levels. Spin and parity.

    Nuclear spin and Moments: Nuclear spin. Magnetic and electric Moments. Bohr magneton. Nuclear magneton. Schmidt lines. Deformed Nuclei. Rotational and vibrational bands. Nilsson levels.

    Beta decay: Energy release in beta decay. Golden Rule n.2. Fermi Theory. Angular momentum and parity selection rules. Fermi (F) and Gamow-Teller allowed transitions. Forbidden decays. Beta spectrum, end-point. Kurie-plot.

    Gamma decay: Energetics of gamma decay. Classical electromagnetic radiation. Transition to quantum mechanics. Angular momentum and parity selection rules. Internal conversion. Weisskopf estimation.

    Nuclear collisions: Conservation laws. Energetics of nuclear reactions. Q-value. Reaction cross sections. Experimental technique. Scattering and resonances reactions.

  • subnuclear physics
    • Basic concepts
    • Il concetto di particella e i suoi numeri quantic
      • particles and quantum numbers
      • Fermions and bosons. Particles and antiparticles
      • Yukawa Forces
      • Relativistic Kinematics
      • Natural units

    • Quark model and colors
      • Mesons and barions
      • Barion number, Isospin, Strangenes, Charmnes, Bottomnes, Topnes
      • colors;
      • asintotic freedom and confinement
      • hadron jets
      • vacuum polarization
      • J/Psi discovery
      • Charmonium and bottonium
      • Deep Inelastic Scattering e-e and e-p, Form factors, Structure function

    • weak interactions
    • beta decay
    • pion muon and kaon decay
    • parity violation
    • electroweak unification
    • Gargamelle experiments and neutral currents
    • UA1 e UA2 experiments - W and Z discovery

Textbook Information

  • Introduction to Nuclear Physics
    1. H.A.Enge: Introduction to Nuclear Physics (Addison Wesley Pub.Co.)
    2. J.S.Lilley: Nuclear Physics- Principles and Applications (J.Wiley&Sons, Ltd)
    3. B. Povh, K. Rith, C. Scholz, F. Zetsche: Particelle e nuclei. Un' introduzione ai concetti fisici (Bollati Boringhieri)
    4. W .S.C. Williams: Nuclear and Particle Physics, (Claredon Press, Oxford)
  • subnuclear physics
    1. Particle Physics, B.R. Martin, G. Shaw, John Wiley and Son
    2. D.H. Perkins, Introduction to High Energy Physics, D.H. Addison-Wesley